Summary: The fixed mindset believes that intelligence and talent are fixed attributes endowed at birth. The growth mindset believes that intelligence and talent are not fixed attributes but are developed through effort and perseverance. Praising someone’s (especially a child’s) achievement by saying they are smart, gifted or talented primes them into the fixed mindset— making them afraid of failure, less likely to seek help when they need it and less likely to take on more challenging goals for fear of not appearing smart, gifted or talented. Praising their effort and hard work however shifts the focus to the process taken to reach their goal and therefore helps them put more value on the learning process and growth. The growth mindset embraces challenges and loves the process of learning that leads to successful outcomes.
This book is 300 pages long. In my opinion, it should be 70 pages long. The idea is a simple one to grasp and does not need the extra pages that Dweck takes to expound it. I would have enjoyed it more had it been a shorter book. There are too many anecdotes and stories which are intended to elucidate the point but end up being rather superfluous and seeming like padding to make the book longer. A plausible and important idea which could have been expressed more concisely. I would not pick up this book again but would read a summary to remind me of this very important idea in time to come.